WHO HAS GOT WHAT?, WHY? AND HOW?: The Political Economy of Reintegration Policy in Aceh

Sait Abdullah

Abstract


This article focuses on the power relations between former GAM (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka) elite and non elite in the post conflict reintegration policy in Aceh. A number of scholars have linked the post conflict reintegration to the GAM ex-commanders conflicts over predatory processes of resource appropriation. However, what is missing in their account is that the attentions to the rank and file ex-fighters, including female ex-combatants. The finding of the study suggests that the post conflict reintegration has provided opportunities for the former GAM commanders to build and consolidate their political and economic power. Since the former GAM commanders occupied the reconstruction space, they have captured the peace building processes through their predatory behaviour and patrimonial networks. In this context, the ex- commanders GAM elite has become a new dominant post conflict group while the non-elite group of the rank and file ex-combatants, particularly women ex- combatants, lost opportunities to enhance their welfare. As local elites are powerful, they have the capacity to select who are excluded from and included in their alliances. In these circumstances, the welfare outcomes from post conflict reintegration will be framed in terms of 'who has got what?', 'why?',and 'how?'.


Keywords


Post-conflict reconstruction peacebuilding; reintegration policy; power and elite

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aditjondro, G. . (2007). Reconstruction, Without Social Transformation: Observations from Aceh's eastern coast.

Anderson, B. (2013). Gangster, ideologue, martyr: The posthumous reinvention of Teungku Badruddin and the nature of the Free Aceh Movement. Conflict, Security & Development, 13(1), 31–56.

Aspinall, E. (2009). “Combatants to Contractors: The Political Economy of Peace. In Aceh”, Indonesia 87.

Avonius, L. M. (2011). Reintegration: BRA's Roles in The Past and its Future Visions.

Barakat, S., & Wardell, G. (2005). After the conflict: reconstructions and redevelopment in the aftermath of war (Vol. 1). IB Tauris.

Barron, P. (2007). Getting reintegration back on track: problems in Aceh and priorities for moving forward, a paper prepared for the conference “The Peace Process in Aceh: the Reminders of Violence and the Future of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam”, Harvard University. Harvard University.

Berdal, M. (2017). Political economy of statebuilding: Power after peace. Routledge.

Call, C., & Wyeth, V. (2008). Building states to build peace. Lynne Rienner Publishers Boulder, CO.

Duffield, M. (2007). Development, security and unending war: governing the world of peoples. Polity.

Duffield, M. (2014). Global governance and the new wars: The merging of development and security. Zed Books Ltd.

Hameiri, S. (2010). Regulating statehood: state building and the transformation of the global order. Springer.

Hamre, J. J., & Sullivan, G. R. (2002). Toward postconflict reconstruction. Washington Quarterly, 25(4), 83–96.

Hughes, C. (2009). Dependent communities: aid and politics in Cambodia and East Timor. SEAP Publications.

Ignatieff, M. (2003). Empire lite: nation building in Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan. Random House.

Jauhola, M. (2010). Building back better?–negotiating normative boundaries of gender mainstreaming and post-tsunami reconstruction in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Indonesia. Review of International Studies, 36(1), 29–50.

Jenkins, R. (2013). Peacebuilding: from concept to commission. Routledge.

Jones, S. (2008). Keeping the peace: Security in Aceh.

Aguswandi and Judith Large (Eds.) Reconfiguring Politics: E Indonesia-Aceh Peace Process. London: Conciliation Resources, 72–75.

Lee-Koo, K. (2012). Gender at the crossroad of conflict: Tsunami and peace in post-2005 Aceh. Feminist Review, 101(1), 59–77.

Lidén, K. (2009). Building peace between global and local politics: The cosmopolitical ethics of liberal peacebuilding. International Peacekeeping, 16(5), 616–634.

MacKenzie, M. (2009). Securitization and desecuritization: Female soldiers and the reconstruction of women in post-conflict Sierra Leone. Security Studies, 18(2), 241–261.

Maringira, G. (2015). Militarised minds: The lives of ex-combatants in South Africa. Sociology, 49(1), 72–87.

Meghdadi, D. (2009). The aftermath: looking at women's roles in post-conflict transformation and formal peace processes. Glendon Journal of International Studies/Revue d'études Internationales de Glendon, 5.

Newman, E. (2009). Liberal” peacebuilding debates. New Perspectives on Liberal Peacebuilding, 26–53.

Paris, R. (2004). At war's end: building peace after civil conflict. Cambridge University Press.

Pugh, M. (2004). Peacekeeping and critical theory. International Peacekeeping, 11(1), 39–58.

Pugh, M. (2005). The political economy of peacebuilding: a critical theory perspective. International Journal of Peace Studies, 10(2), 23.

Richmond, O. P. (2006). The problem of peace: understanding the 'liberal peace.' Conflict, Security & Development, 6(3), 291–314.

Roberts, D. (2011). Post-conflict peacebuilding, liberal irrelevance and the locus of legitimacy. International Peacekeeping, 18(4), 410–424.

Robison, R., & Hewison, K. (2005). Introduction: East Asiaandthetrialsofneo-liberalism.

Schulze, K. E. (2007). Mission not so impossible: the AMM and the transition from conflict to peace in Aceh,2005-2006.

Sjoberg, L. (2009). Introduction to security studies: Feminist contributions. Security Studies, 18(2), 183–213.

Tajima, Y. (2010). Understanding the Livelihoods of Former Insurgents: Aceh, Indonesia. World Bank.

Tickner, J. A. (1997). You just don't understand: troubled engagements between feminists and IR theorists. International Studies Quarterly, 41(4), 611–632.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31113/jia.v16i2.515

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi: Media Pengembangan Ilmu dan Praktek Administrasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Indexed by:

      

 

@2017-2019

Jalan Cimandiri No. 34-38 Bandung

Laman: stialanbandung.ac.id

Powered by OJS (Open Jounal Systems)